Betta Fish Care (fighter fish)

 

  • Betta Fish (Siamese Fighters) Equipment & General Care
    • Tank - bettas do love to swim and enjoy a tank where possible of 5 - 45 litres, small bowls require regular 100% water changes. 
    • if you are not using a filter we suggest using AAA tablets to help remove ammonia and keep a more stable PH level together with very regular water changes.
    • Water conditioner (dechlorinator to make tap water safe for fish)
    • Fish net,  however, you may prefer to use a cup
    • Betta fish food (high in protein)
    • Smooth stones to cover the bottom.
    • Ornament or plant to decorate your tank, doubling as structure for your Betta to rest upon; dragging fins makes your betta prone to bacteria on the floor of the tank which can lead to fin rot.
    • A water heater 
    • A water filter
    • A Betta fish
  • Heater
  • We use either a heater mat for the smaller tanks and bowls or for the larger Aquariums you will need a a heater with a thermostat––Betta fish like water temperatures between 24-27ºC. they generally require a heater in the winter months in most areas of Australia.  
  • Filter where possible
  • Filters are preferable  but make sure the current is not too strong for your Betta. Keep in mind that the long-finned varieties do best with as little current as possible. Some experts recommend the use of sponge filters, to protect the fins.
  • Avoid jagged rocks or decorations. Such decorations can easily tear Betta fins. It's recommended that you check once a day that there are no tears in the Betta's fins. If there are tears, first check the water quality, as tears are typically caused by poor water maintenance.
  • Avoid adding any hard plastic plants. Again, these can be rough on the fins. Use the 'stocking test': If a plastic plant will snag a pair of stockings when rubbed against it, then it will damage your Betta's fins. Be safe and buy live or silk plants instead.
  • Live plants are a great idea. They're prettier than fake ones, and Betta fish love lounging on the leaves and hiding in them to sleep. Live plants also help to oxygenate the water and keep the water cleaner for longer periods of time.
  • Water Conditioner. Use a water conditioner before putting fresh tap water in the tank. The chlorine and chloramines in standard tap water can harm Bettas, as well as kill off all that beneficial bacteria housed in the filter. Older sources may suggest aging the water (standing it for a time) but it's best to use a water conditioner, as aged water removes chlorine but not chloramine and heavy metals.
  • We do have mineralised bottled water available especially for Bettas, this is very reasonable for small tanks and has all the necessary and important minerals for your Betta fish, so why not treat him.. or her.
  • Fill the Betta's tank. If the tank is without a lid fill it about 80% high to ensure your fish won't jump out. Bettas are very active and can jump over 7.5cm when motivated! However, Bettas usually won't be trying to escape if they're happy in their home.

    Add your Betta. Slowly and carefully tip the container in which you received your Betta into the new habitat, allowing the new water and old water to mix. This will make the water easier for your fish to adjust to––if the habitat water is much colder or warmer than the previous water, mixing waters will help allay any shock for the fish. Be gentle as you tip in the Betta!
  • Feeding your Betta
  • Your Betta's diet should consist primarily of pellets specifically made for feeding Betta, with some brine or mysis shrimp and bloodworm.The ingredients of the pellet should be protein based. Experts say that protein in the pellets should be no less than 40%. Tropical fish flakes, goldfish flakes, and the like, are not suitable for Betta fish. Frozen or dried black worms make for a great treat.
  • Betta fish vary in eating habits from each other, so experiment to see how much food your Betta eats. Set up routine feeding times, for example, once in the morning and once at night. If you stick to this routine, you may even find that your Betta will be waiting for you when it's time to eat! 
  • Do not to overfeed your fish. Overfeeding can be a problem in some Betta fish, as they will eat as long as you feed them (which can be fatal). On the other hand, other Betta fish will stop eating when they're full. Overfeeding can cause bloating, though this is not as serious as a similar condition referred to as dropsy. It can, however, cause bladder problems later on, which can also be fatal. 
  • Excess Food that your Betta does not eat.  Be careful not to over feed your fish and tank, any food that is not eaten should be removed to avoid unnecessary toxins building up in your tank.  
  • Cleaning your Tank  For the smaller tanks and bowls, place your Betta in container filled with old water while washing the tank. Simply wash the tank with hot water, as some soaps will harm your Betta. If your habitat has rocks, rinse them thoroughly. Fill half way with fresh tap water, return the Betta and some of the old water, and then fill the rest with tap water again.Remember ! Add de-chlorinator (water conditioner) to the water; this will remove any harmful chlorine/chloramine that is in tap water that may kill your fish. 
  • Remember - Be sure that the water you are changing is the same temperature as the old water the Betta was in, to avoid temperature shock; such shock can be deadly to your Betta. Use an in-tank thermometer to check the water temperatures.
  • Have fun with your new friend. Betta fish do recognise their owners. They will actually learn faces and even simple games. Keep your betta company. Betta fish are very curious and often develop a strong bond with their caretaker.

  • General Interest - A few things that it's nice to know about Betta fish:
      • Betta fish are members of the Anabantoid family (gouramis are also in this family). They have a back-up breathing system that allows them to breathe surface air, however, they still require a filtration system in their tanks.
      • Female Betta fish are typically smaller than male Betta fish. They lack the beautiful finnage that males possess. However, they can still be equally as beautiful in their own way—–and feisty! Don't keep them together though, as the female may latch onto the male's vivid fins, causing them to tear.
      • Male Betta fish build bubble nests when happy!
      • If a male likes a female, he flares his gills, twists his body, and spreads his fins. If a female likes a male, she wriggles back and front. 
      • WARNINGS
      • Don't put Betta fish in a cold environments because this can lead to death, use a heater  and If possible, keep the lid on. Your fish might jump out!
      • Betta fish are sensitive to changes in temperature. In general a change in 2 to 3 degrees can lower its immune system. If this is possible, 
      • invest in an appropriate tank heater and make use of it. 
      • Do not put a baby Betta fish in with an adult because the baby Betta will fight with the adult.
      • Don't over feed Betta fish––they will eat themselves to death. Three pellets each feeding time is safe. 
      • If adding tank-mates, avoid purchasing another fish that are brightly colored (such as fancy guppies), or fish with long flowing fins (guppies, goldfish, etc.). Your Betta might mistake any flashy fish for another Betta. Avoid other aggressive fish or fin-nippers, such as barbs. Danios, some tetras and most rasboras will work. Bottom feeders such as corydoras and ottos (otocinclus) are also good choices. 
      • If you are starting a new tank, be sure to learn about the Cycling, we like to add live bacteria (also called the biological cycle) before adding your betta. If you introduce your fish before the tank is cycled, it could die from ammonia or nitrite poisoning. 
      • Don't let multiple males or females be together because they will most likely fight with each other. 
      • Bowls or small tanks-this are not always ideal for Betta fish. Such small environments require frequent 100% water changes to avoid deadly ammonia build up (see above), so it is recommended to have a larger cycled tank. The AAA tablets can help make the environment more stable

 

 

 

 

Tags

None